Milestone: PN1C is Installed

Saturday, July 28, 2012
Plan for OOI RSN Primary Node Installation
Beacon on Cable Segment 2

Mark Wardman, left, and Kirk Connally, right, L-3 MariPro members of the OOI installation team, are shown with the beacon installed on cable segment 2. The beacon is used to verify the cable shape in water (catenary).

--Photo by Cecile Durand

Acoustic Release

Acoustic release that releases the node once the node is in place on the seafloor.

--Photo by Cecile Durand

For those of us on the OOI RSN team who, like me, have been working on the project for over three years, it is exciting and personally satisfying when a node is powered from the shore station for the first time and the node performs exactly as designed. Yesterday's installation of Primary Node 1C was no exception. We now have three nodes deployed and four to go.

Here's a recap of work leading up to the July 27 deployment of this third node to a depth of 615 meters:

On Friday, July 27, during cable balancing (see definition below) 433 meters of cable were removed from Segment 3 and 369 meters from Segment 4. The two cable joints into the node were completed around 1230h PDT, followed by the last on-deck round of node testing from the shore station. The cables were moved from the cable highway (see definition below) to a position where all the cable tension was supported by the node; this process took about five hours to complete. Node 1C was launched to the water’s edge at 1945h PDT and began its slow descent to the seafloor. The cable was powered from the shore station until just before landing on the seafloor at 2100h PDT. Touchdown was at a depth of 615 meters and only about 30 meters past the target position, which is easily within our acceptable range. Node 1C was successfully tested from the shore station and the acoustic release was triggered. Another node installation was complete.

--Paul Hagstrom, Associate Project Manager/Senior Project Engineer (OOI RSN), Consortium for Ocean Leadership, on board the TE SubCom Dependable.


Cable Balancing – The incoming cable and the outgoing cable at each node site were installed last summer. When these cables are attached to the node, if one cable is too long it will result in loops when the Node reaches the seafloor. This will prevent burial of the cable in the seafloor and can cause cable damage if the minimum cable bend radius is violated. During the final approach to the planned node landing site, the ship attaches beacons to each cable; this enables the cable engineers to manage the shape in water (catenary) of each cable in the water column. With this information and by managing the tension on the cable, the cable engineers calculate the exact length of cable necessary to complete the node installation. Typically, short lengths of cable are removed from each cable segment as a result of these calculations.

Cable Highway – The cable highway is about 80 meters in length, extends to the entire beam of the ship and is immediately forward of the fantail on the same level. Beneath the cable highway are three large cable storage tanks. At the aft end of the cable highway there is a Linear Cable Engine and two Cable Drum Engines that are used to install and recover cable. These cable engines pull the cable out of the storage tanks and control the tension and speed of the cable as it is deployed. Along the starboard side there is the Engine Control Room, Secondary Cable Control Room, Cable Jointing Room, Test & Transmission Room and some storage space. The portside is primarily used for storage and work space. The recovery and installation of cable this year is being completed using the Cable Drum Engines. Last year’s installation of cable used the Linear Cable Engine (see photo in slideshow to left).