The Ocean Observatories Initiative
Regional, Coastal, Global Studies: Spanning the Western Hemisphere
The Ocean Observatories Initiative (OOI), a project funded by the National Science Foundation, is planned as a networked infrastructure of science-driven sensor systems to measure the physical, chemical, geological, and biological variables in the ocean and seafloor. The OOI will be one fully integrated system collecting data on coastal, regional and global scales over the next ~25-30 years.
The major science themes of the OOI program are:
- Ocean - Atmosphere Exchange
- Climate Variability, Ocean Circulation, and Ecosystems
- Turbulent Mixing and Biophysical Interactions
- Coastal Ocean Dynamics and Ecosystems
- Fluid - Rock Interactions and the Sub-seafloor Biosphere
- Plate-scale Geodynamics
Regional: Cabled high power and bandwidth
The cabled high power (up to 200 kW) and bandwidth (up to 240 Gb/s) component of the OOI is called the Regional Scale Nodes (RSN). This network spans the Juan de Fuca tectonic plate, and includes cabled arrays of sensors on the seafloor and throughout the water column. Implementation of the Regional Scale Nodes is led by the University of Washington (UW). Shallow-water, cabled coastal sites off the Oregon coast are shared by the UW and Oregon State University; the UW manages the cable technology.
Coastal: Cabled and uncabled moorings
Coastal studies in the Pacific will be facilitated by an array of cabled and uncabled moorings across the continental shelf off Newport, Oregon, and Grays Harbor, Washington. Implementation of the Coastal Scale Nodes is overseen by Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and its partner, Oregon State University.
Global: Moorings at high latitudes
Global studies will be facilitated by moorings at four sites, one each in the Pacific near the Queen Charlotte Islands, the Southern Ocean near Chile, the Atlantic near Greenland, and the Atlantic off Argentina. Implementation of the Global Scale Nodes is overseen by Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and Scripps Institution of Oceanography.
Unprecedented opportunities: streaming via the Internet
High-bandwidth data, high-definition video and digital still imagery will be streamed live from the cabled observatory via the Internet to researchers, educators, and the public. Data from uncabled moorings will be sent to satellites and then to the internet. The Cyberinfrastructure component of the OOI will facilitate use, storage, and visualization of the myriad data sets. Implementation of the cyberinfrastructure architecture is led by the University of California, San Diego.
In concert this transformative infrastructure with real-time and adaptive capabilities will provide unprecedented opportunities for scientists, educators, and the public to participate in cutting-edge oceanography. The Education and Public Engagement component of the OOI, lead by Rutgers, will help facilitate use of this infrastructure by a diverse national and international community.
The Ocean Observatories Initiative is managed and coordinated by the OOI Project Office at the Consortium for Ocean Leadership in Washington, D.C, and is responsible for construction and initial operations of the OOI network. Four major Implementing Organizations are responsible for construction and development of the overall program. Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and its partners, Oregon State University and Scripps Institution of Oceanography are responsible for the coastal and global moorings and their autonomous vehicles. The University of Washington is responsible for cabled seafloor systems and moorings. The University of California, San Diego, is implementing the cyberinfrastructure component. Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, with its partners University of Maine and Raytheon Mission Operations and Services, is responsible for the education and public engagement software infrastructure.